Between 1788 and 1868, about 162,000 convicts were transported from Britain and Ireland to various penal colonies in Australia.
Between 1793 and 1850 nearly 200,000 free settlers and assisted immigrants chose to migrate to Australia to start a new life. The majority were English agricultural workers or domestic servants who outnumbered the Irish and Scottish migrants.
Between 1850 and 1900, approx. 600,000 immigrated, the majority were from Britain and Ireland, 60,000 came from Continental Europe (primarily from Germany), 42,000 from China, 10,000 from the United States and just over 5,000 from New Zealand and the South Pacific.
We are going to look back in time to 10 people who arrived in the Australian colonies between 1840 and 1900:
An Australian, an English coachbuilder & metalworker, a Scottish dressmaker, an English gentleman, an English lady, an Irish/Scottish couple, a Chinese man, an English Gentleman, a German family and an English gentlewoman..
For those who left a diary or journal, I will use their own words, as they best capture their experience and the times in which they traveled. For the others, I am using newspaper reports and descriptions recorded in various books published at the time.